Village Governance in North China: 1875-1936

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Stanford University Press, 2005年3月9日 - 344 頁
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This book is about village governance in China during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Drawing on government archives from Huailu county, Hebei province, it explores local practices and official systems of social control, land taxation, and "self government" at the village level. Its analysis of peasant behaviors bridges the gap between the rational choice and moral economy models by taking into account both material and symbolic dimensions of power and interest in the peasant community. The author's interpretation of village/state relations before 1900 transcends the state and society dichotomy and accentuates the interplay between formal and informal institutions and practices. His account of "state making" after 1900 underscores the continuity of endogenous arrangements in the course of institutional formalization and the interpenetration between official discourse and popular notions in the new process of political legitimization.

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The Setting
23
Cooperation and Control in the Peasant Community
41
Rules SelfInterestand Strategies
66
Tax Collection
92
Land and Tax Administration
110
PowerDiscourseand Legitimacy
135
Cooperation and Conflict over Village Schools
163
Elite Activism
194
Village Reorganization
209
Uncovering Black Land
234
Conclusion
251
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第 284 頁 - What is common in community is not shared values or common understanding so much as the fact that members of a community are engaged in the same argument, the same raisonnement, the same Rede, the same discourse, in which alternative strategies, misunderstandings, conflicting goals and values are threshed out.
第 82 頁 - Social capital is the aggregate of the actual or potential resources which are linked to possession of a durable network of more or less institutionalized relationships of mutual acquaintance and recognition...
第 64 頁 - ... prompted its members to pay taxes by a due date or directly collected taxes from individual kinsmen and then remitted them together to the government. Some ancestral halls also paid taxes in advance for all their members and then collected the prepaid monies from the latter with a 5 percent surcharge. It was not uncommon in such cases for strict "clan regulations" (zugui) to be formulated and enforced to ensure full and prompt tax payment or repayment.
第 13 頁 - The operating assumption of the "right to subsistence" is that all members of a community have a presumptive right to a living so far as local resources will allow. This subsistence claim is morally based on the common notion of a hierarchy of human needs, with the means for physical survival naturally taking priority over all other claims to village wealth. In a purely logical sense, it is difficult to imagine how any disparities in wealth and resources can be...
第 35 頁 - within the range between 2 and 4 percent of the land produce in most districts and provinces
第 284 頁 - One central form of mediation, of course, is provided by property - the access to resources, the apportionment of rights and claims, and the acceptance of obligations and duties.

關於作者 (2005)

Huaiyin Li teaches modern Chinese history at the University of Texas at Austin.

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