The Politics of German Child Welfare from the Empire to the Federal Republic

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Harvard University Press, 1996 - 365 頁
At a time when the welfare state is variously demonized and idealized, this study provides a realistic look at one of the leaders in its development. Drawing on a wealth of primary materials from state and private archives, Dickinson traces the story of German child welfare policy over an extended period of conflict and compromise among competing groups - progressive social reformers, conservative Protestants, Catholics, Social Democrats, feminists, medical men, jurists, and welfare recipients themselves. The model of the development of child welfare policy presented here illuminates the complexity of the struggles from which modern social policy emerged, and accounts for the ways in which similar policies could be adapted to changing political systems - monarchical, republican, or fascist. Following a period of policy innovation, rapid institutional expansion, and intensifying ideological conflict before the First World War, Dickinson shows, the period from 1918 to 1961 saw a succession of efforts to reconcile competing policy agendas within different political contexts: the corporatist-democratic compromise worked out in the early years of the Weimar Republic, which broke down in the economic and political crisis at the end of the 1920s; the disastrous Nazi synthesis of authoritarianism and racism; and a revitalized corporatist-democratic framework, stabilized on the basis of the antitotalitarian consensus and of psychotherapeutic theory and practice, after 1949. Historians of modern Germany and of the welfare state will find this a challenging and illuminating approach to important theoretical and historical questions.

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內容

The Inception of Modern Child Welfare Policy 18401895
11
Competing Reform Conceptions in the 1890s
35
Expansion and Consolidation 19001914
48
The Struggle over Child Welfare Policy 19101914
80
Child Welfare Policy in the Great War 19141918
113
Revolution and the National Child Welfare Act 19181924
139
Child Welfare Bureaucracy and Cultural War 19241929
169
The Great Depression and National Socialism 19301945
204
Child Welfare Policy in the Federal Republic 19451961
244
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關於作者 (1996)

Edward Ross Dickinson is Lecturer in History, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.

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