Social Transformation in Modern China: The State and Local Elites in Henan, 1900-1937

封面
Cambridge University Press, 2000年9月25日 - 320 頁
The sources and nature of China's transformation from a traditional to a modern society--accelerated in the early twentieth century by the downfall of the Qing dynasty, the advent of foreign technology and increasing commercialization--are critical issues for the study of modern China. In this book, Xin Zhang uses the case of local elites and the power structure of Henan province, in north-central China, to demonstrate how local politics first transformed local society, challenged the state, and eventually influenced change across China.

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內容

Theoretical Context
5
Social Transformation as a Conceptual Framework
13
The Issue of Modernity in China
16
Socioeconomic Setting of Henan
23
Southwestern and Northern Henan as Distinct Regions
30
Foreign Intrusion Commercialization and the Banditry Crisis
34
Local Elites and the Transition of Community Power
41
Local Society in Transition
43
Creating a National Network
124
Temporary Setback
126
The Monarchy Debate
129
Decline of the Network
130
Summary
131
Local Identity Localism and Crisis of Legitimacy
136
The Founding of SelfGovernment
138
Programs of SelfGovernment
143

Changes at the Turn of the Century
47
Selfempowerment during the 1911 Revolution
51
The Early Republic
55
The Transformation of Local Polity in the Mid1920s
56
Coping with the Nationalist Government
65
Summary
66
Elite Mobility in a Changing World
69
1911 Revolution
73
Changes in the Local Power Structure
74
Summary
89
Elite Activism and Social Transformation
93
Society as the Organization of Networks
95
The Early Years of the Literary Society
97
Local Ties and Local Power
100
Gaining Regional Status
102
Approaching a Higher Level
105
Surviving the Crisis
107
Transregional Activism
108
Meeting Yuan Shikai
111
The Rise of Yuan Shikai
114
The Movement For Republic Against Independence
117
Linking the Networks
119
The Power of Liaison
121
A Crisis in Legitimacy
154
The Issue of Local Identity
160
The Phenomenon of Localism
164
From Elite Domination to Popular Participation
166
SelfGovernment in Nanzhao
170
Summary
172
Modern State Making and the Interaction between State and Society
177
State Making during the Republican Period
179
A Definition of State
180
Northern Henan
182
Southwestern Henan
207
Summary
217
State and Society in Mutual Engagement
219
Northern Henan
224
Southwestern Henan
244
Conclusion
271
Transformation at the Societal Level
273
Modern State Making and Social Transformation
274
Social Transformation and Chinas Modern Transition
276
Appendix
279
Bibliography
285
Index
313
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