City of Disorder: How the Quality of Life Campaign Transformed New York Politics

NYU Press, 2008年4月1日 - 252 頁
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In the 1990s, improving the quality of life became a primary focus and a popular catchphrase of the governments of New York and many other American cities. Faced with high levels of homelessness and other disorders associated with a growing disenfranchised population, then mayor Rudolph Giuliani led New York's zero tolerance campaign against what was perceived to be an increase in disorder that directly threatened social and economic stability. In a traditionally liberal city, the focus had shifted dramatically from improving the lives of the needy to protecting the welfare of the middle and upper classes—a decidedly neoconservative move.
In City of Disorder, Alex S. Vitale analyzes this drive to restore moral order which resulted in an overhaul of the way New York views such social problems as prostitution, graffiti, homelessness, and panhandling. Through several fascinating case studies of New York neighborhoods and an in-depth look at the dynamics of the NYPD and of the city's administration itself, Vitale explains why Republicans have won the last four New York mayoral elections and what the long-term impact Giuliani's zero tolerance method has been on a city historically known for its liberalism.


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Conceptualizing the Paradigm Shift
Defining the QualityofLife Paradigm
Defining Urban Liberalism
The Rise of Disorder
Globalization and the Urban Crisis
The Transformation of Policing
The Community Backlash
About the Author

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第 33 頁 - Improving the Quality of Urban Life and states: The Congress hereby finds and declares that improving the quality of urban life is the most critical domestic problem facing the United States.
第 65 頁 - Brasilia, but when you operate in an overbuilt metropolis, you have to hack your way with a meat ax.
第 34 頁 - Demonstration Cities and Metropolitan Development Act of 1966". TITLE I— COMPREHENSIVE CITY DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS FINDINGS AND DECLARATION OF PURPOSE SEC. 101. The Congress hereby finds and declares that improving the quality of urban life is the most critical domestic problem facing the United States. The persistence of widespread urban slums and blight, the concentration of persons of low income in older urban areas, and the unmet needs for additional housing and community facilities and services...
第 36 頁 - Now I realize that the argument is often made that there is a fundamental contradiction between economic growth and the quality of life, so that to have one we must forsake the other. The answer is not to abandon growth but to redirect it
第 58 頁 - Those generally implicated by the imprecise terms of the ordinance — poor people, nonconformists, dissenters, idlers— may be required to comport themselves according to the lifestyle deemed appropriate by the Jacksonville police and the courts.
第 203 頁 - Dolbeare and Barry Zigas, A Place to Call Home: The Low Income Housing Crisis Continues (Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and Low-Income Housing Information Service, 1991). 10. Alan Finder, "Apartment Doubling-up Hits the Working Class," New York Times, September 25, 1990.
第 200 頁 - Howard S. Becker, Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance (New York: Free Press, 1963).
第 33 頁 - Let us be clear about the core of this problem. The problem is people and the quality of the lives they lead.
第 33 頁 - The problems of the city are problems of housing and education. They involve increasing employment and ending poverty. They call for beauty and nature, recreation, and an end to racial discrimination. They are, in large measure, the problems of American society itself. They call for a generosity of vision, a breadth of approach, a magnitude of effort which we have not yet brought to bear on the American city.
第 33 頁 - We want to build not just housing units but neighborhoods; not just to construct schools, but to educate children; not just to raise income, but to create beauty and end the poisoning of our environment.

關於作者 (2008)

Alex S. Vitale is Associate Professor of Sociology at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York. He has also worked for the San Francisco Coalition on Homelessness and the New York Civil Liberties Union. He is the author of City of Disorder: How the Quality of Life Campaign Transformed New York Politics (NYU Press, 2008).