Russian Peasants Go to Court: Legal Culture in the Countryside, 1905-1917

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Indiana University Press, 2004年9月16日 - 400 頁
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"... will challenge (and should transform) existing interpretations of late Imperial Russian governance, peasant studies, and Russian legal history." -- Cathy A. Frierson

"... a major contribution to our understanding both of the dynamic of change within the peasantry and of legal development in late Imperial Russia." -- William G. Wagner

Russian Peasants Go to Court brings into focus the legal practice of Russian peasants in the township courts of the Russian empire from 1905 through 1917. Contrary to prevailing conceptions of peasants as backward, drunken, and ignorant, and as mistrustful of the state, Jane Burbank's study of court records reveals engaged rural citizens who valued order in their communities and made use of state courts to seek justice and to enforce and protect order. Through narrative studies of individual cases and statistical analysis of a large body of court records, Burbank demonstrates that Russian peasants made effective use of legal opportunities to settle disputes over economic resources, to assert personal dignity, and to address the bane of small crimes in their communities. The text is enhanced by contemporary photographs and lively accounts of individual court cases.

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The Peasant Question and the Law
1
A Litigious Person and Her Possibilities
32
A Day at Court
49
All Sorts of Suits and Disputes
82
Small Crime and Punishment
119
Peasant Jurisprudence
166
Legal Recourse in a Time of Troubles
202
A Different Justice?
245
Misdemeanors to Be Adjudicated at Township Courts
279
Glossary
287
Note on Sources
289
Abbreviations
293
Notes
295
Bibliography
341
Index
355
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Information on Data Sets
273

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第 145 頁 - JAN MAR MAY JUL SEP NOV FEB APR JUN AUG OCT DEC SOURCE: Panel B reproduced from Associated Press release.
第 301 頁 - Erich Auerbach, Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature, trans. William Trask (Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1952), p. 14f. Cf. Auerbach, "Figura,
第 6 頁 - These conceptions are, first, that a legal culture rests on citizens' knowledge of the written law; second, that a single, uniform national court system is essential to the construction of a citizenry; and, third, that state law, because of its "formality," stands in opposition to "authentic
第 322 頁 - ... a completely separate world, in the very foundations of its civic order profoundly distinct from all other social groups in the Russian population.
第 338 頁 - On the whole the peasant patriarchs had an inbred mistrust of any ideas from the world outside their own experience. They aimed to preserve the village traditions and defend them against progress. The 'old way of life' was always deemed to be better than the new" (Figes, A People's Tragedy, p.
第 338 頁 - functional logic of peasant self-organization in the struggle for survival against the harsh realities of nature and powerful external enemies, such as the landlords and the state
第 6 頁 - Soviet periods developed a different discourse about law in combat with a different opponent — the bourgeoisie. Lenin, Stuchka, Pashukanis, and others based their conceptions of "Marxist...
第 229 頁 - Tsaritsyno court, the same person who for more than three years had meticulously categorized each accuser, defendant, and witness by her or his estate — as "peasant" so and so, krest'ianka Pelagea Nikolaevna Riabinina, krest'ianin Ivan Il'ich Levin — now identified every court participant as "citizen.
第 10 頁 - Users of township courts were not engaged, as were Russian elites, in an explicit struggle about the legality or arbitrariness of autocratic government — they were not contenders for state power — but they did participate in an unremarked process of interaction with state law. Peasants' legal activity in these courts should not be politicized as "for or against the state...

關於作者 (2004)

Jane Burbank is Professor of History and Russian and Slavic Studies at New York University. She is author of Intelligentsia and Revolution: Russian Views of Bolshevism, 1917--1922 and co-editor (with David L. Ransel) of Imperial Russia: New Histories for the Empire (IUP, 1998).

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