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KF26

290155*

.F695
1969

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas, Chairman

JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama

GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont
MIKE MANSFIELD, Montana

KARL D. MUNDT, South Dakota
ALBERT GORE, Tennessee

CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey
FRANK CHURCH, Idaho

JOHN SHERMAN COOPER, Kentucky
STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri

JOHN J. WILLIAMS, Delaware
THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York
CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island
GALE W. MCGEE, Wyoming

CARL MARCY, Chief of Staff
ARTHUR M. KUHL, Chief Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE ON U.S. SECURITY AGREEMENTS AND COMMITMENTS ABROAD

STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri, Chairman

J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas
JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama
MIKE MANSFIELD, Montana

GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont
JOHN SHERMAN COOPER, Kentucky
JACOB K. JAVITS, New York

PAT HOLT, Staff Assistant
WALTER PINCUS, Chief Consultant

ROLAND A. PAUL, Counsel

NOTE.-Sections of this hearing have been deleted at the request of the Department of State and the Department of Defense. Deleted material is indicated by the notation “[Deleted]."

(0)

CONTENTS

Testimony of :

Porter, Hon. William J., Ambassador, U.S. Embassy, Korea, accom-

panied by Gen. John H. Michaelis, commander in chief, United

Nations Command, COMUSK, commanding general, 8th Army;

Maj. Gen. Leland G. Cagwin, commanding general, 2d Infantry Divi-

sion (formerly) ; Maj. Gen. Livingston N. Taylor, Chief, Joint Mili-

tary Assistance Advisory Group, Korea ; and Brig. Gen. Arthur W. Page

Holderness, Jr., commander, 314th Air Division, PACAF-- 1521, 1576, 1648

Insertions for the record :

United Nations Command personnel in the Republic of Korea---

1522

Meaning of “Monroe Doctrine” formula---

1527

Letters to Foreign Minister Tong Won Lee, Korea, dated March 7 and

8, 1966, from Ambassador Winthrop G. Brown.

1529

Why were the Brown letters of March 7 and 8, 1966, written, and were

they released ?--

1532

"Korea-United States talks end on terms for dispatch of troops,"

with “U.S. Commitments on dispatch of troops outlined in state-

ment," from the Korea Herald, March 8, 1966_--

1532

President Park's explanation of sending ROK troops to Vietnam. 1543

U.S. payment of costs resulting from ROK forces in Vietnam..

1544

Korea noncombatant military forces.

1547

Korean civilian technicians, contractors, and stevedores in Vietnam.. 1547

Procurement of MAP transfer items in Korea..

1548

Cash losses_-

1519

Letter to Lee Tong Won, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Korea, March

4, 1966, from Ambassador Winthrop G. Brown--

1549

Letter to General Kim from Gen. Hamilton H. Howze, U.S. Army

commander

1553

Question of classification -

1551

U.S. support costs for one ROK soldier in Vietnam_-

1559

Letter to Senator Fulbright from Assistant Secretary David M. Ab-

shire, dated July 31, 1970_-

1563

Chronology of Korean participation in Vietnam and American sup-

port

1568

List of countries Korea exports to---

1585

Comparisons between ROK and North Koreans_

1592

Army combat-to-combat support ratio-Korea-

1599

North Korean acquisition of Soviet submarines..

1603

Intrusions by ROK Navy into NK national waters--

1605

Soviet fleet reaction to U.S.S. Pueblo and EC-121 incident-

1606

Soviet presence off Wonsan Harbor following U.S.S. Pueblo incident.. 1606

Relationship of U.S. assistance to the Republic of Korea military

budget

1629

KATUSA personnel assigned U.S. divisions-Korea---

1631

Support elements, 8th Army-

1632

Cost of U.S. military presence in the Republic of Korea--

1633

Authorization for patrols in the DMZ-armistice agreement--

1639

ROK Army Nike-Hercules and Hawk units..

1651

Communications utilization -

1652

U.S. Navy task organization.-

1651

Strength 4th Missile Command.--

1658

Public comment by President Park regarding nuclear weapons.

1663

Has the U.N. taken a position on nuclear weapons?-

1665

Tieup of U.S. jets laid to atom role, article from New York Times,

January 25, 1968_

1667

(III)

UNITED STATES SECURITY AGREEMENTS

AND COMMITMENTS ABROAD

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1970

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON U.S. SECURITY
AGREEMENTS AND COMMITMENTS ABROAD
OF THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 2:30 p.m., in room S-116, the Capitol, Senator Stuart Symington (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Senators Symington, Fulbright, Aiken, and Javits.

Also present: Col. Edward N. Hathaway, 8th Army, Korea; Col. Paul P. Ellison, Jr., United Nations Command, U.S. Forces, Korea; Lt. Col. Melvin Ġoodweather, Air Force Legislative Liaison; Lt. Col. Ernest E. Davenport, 314th Air Division, Osan, Korea; Lt. Col. Wendell E. Cosner, 6146th Air Force Advisory Group, Seoul, Korea ; Stanley X. Futterman, Assistant Legal Adviser for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State; Peter Knaur, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), International Security Affairs; Winthrop G. Brown, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East Asia and Pacific Affairs, Department of State; Michael H. Armacost, Staff Planning and Coordination, Department of State; Jerome H. Silberman, Office of the General Counsel, OSD; Miss Brynhild Rowberg, Korea desk, Department of State; Ít. Col. John M. Browder, Office of the Under Secretary of the Army; Richard B. Peters, Korean desk, Department of State; Joseph J. Wolf, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State; and H. G. Torbert, Congressional Relations, Department of State.

Mr. Holt, Mr. Paul, Mr. Pincus of the committee staff.
Senator SYMINGTON. This hearing will come to order.

SWEARING OF WITNESSES

Gentlemen, it is the practice to swear all witnesses; therefore, anybody who may testify will please stand up with Ambassador Porter and General Michaelis.

Raise your right hand please. Do you swear that the testimony you give the subcommittee will be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God?

Mr. PORTER. I do.
General MICHAELIS. I do.
General CAGWIN. I do.
General TAYLOR. I do.
General HOLDERNESS. I do.

IDENTIFICATION OF PARTICIPANTS

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Senator SYMINGTON. Inasmuch as we have been cautioned about the security of these hearings, will the gentlemen in the room and the lady stand and identify yourselves?

Colonel DAVENPORT. I am Colonel Davenport, sir, of the 314th Air Division, Osan, Korea.

Colonel COSNER. Colonel Cosner, 6146th Air Force Advisory Group, Seoul.

Colonel GOODWEATHER. Colonel Goodweather, Air Force Legislative Liaison.

Mr. FUTTERMAN. Stanley Futterman, Assistant Legal Adviser, Department of State.

Mr. KNAUR. Peter Knaur, Office of the Secretary of Defense, International Security Affairs.

Mr. Brown. Winthrop Brown, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East Asia and Pacific Affairs.

Mr. ARMACOST. Michael Armacost, for the Staff Planning and Coordination, State Department.

Mr. SILBERMAN. Jerome H. Silberman, Office of the General Counsel, Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Miss RoWBERG. Brynhild Rowberg, Korea desk, Department of State.

Colonel BROWDER. Lt. Col. John M. Browder, Office of the Under Secretary of the Army.

Mr. PETERS. Richard Peters. I am in Korean affairs of the State Department.

Colonel HATHAWAY. Col. Edward N. Hathaway, 8th Army, Korea.

Colonel Ellison. Colonel Ellison, sir, United Nations Command, U.S. Forces, Korea.

Mr. WOLF. Joseph Wolf, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State.

Mr. TORBERT. H. G. Torbert, Congressional Relations, Department of State.

Senator SYMINGTON. Mr. Brown, would you sit up here? Mr. Torbert?

Do you have a prepared statement, Mr. Ambassador? Mr. PORTER. Yes, Mr. Chairman, I have. Senator SYMINGTON. Would you like to read it? Mr. PORTER. If you wish, sir. Senator SYMINGTON. Will you proceed? Mr. Paul. Could I suggest that Ambassador Porter read the portion of his statement at this time that deals with basic agreements and commitments, which I think would be just pages (1703) through (1704) and the paragraph in the middle of page (1705).

Senator SYMINGTON. Mr. Ambassador, it will all be made part of the record, a continuous presentation.

Mr. PORTER. I understand, Mr. Chairman. May I proceed?
Senator SYMINGTON. Yes.

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